Bible Objections

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These are some common objections to the Bible:

  1. The Bible is just an old book written by men.
  2. The Bible was written many years after the events it describes.
  3. The prophecies in the Bible are too vague to be confirmed.
  4. How do we know they included the right books in the Bible?
  5. The Bible contains errors.
  6. The Bible contains extra verses that were added later.
  7. The Bible conflicts with science.

Bible Objection #1 – The Bible is just an old book written by men.

The Bible is actually not one book, but rather a collection of 66 books, written by 40 different writers, from kings to fishermen, over a period of about 1,500 years. The Bible is divided into the 39 books of the Old Testament, written before Jesus’ birth, and the 27 books of the New Testament, written after Jesus’ death and resurrection.

Although many human writers were involved in its creation, the Bible only has a single author: God. In 2 Timothy 3:16 it says that “all scripture is God-breathed.” This means that even though each writer used his own style, they did so under the divine inspiration of the Holy Spirit.

Some liberal denominations like to claim that the divine inspiration only occurred at a very high level. For example, they claim that God inspired the ideas and concepts, but that the writers chose their own words. This view of divine inspiration leaves room for these liberal Christians to insert their own ideas in areas where they don’t want to accept the plain reading of the text. After all, if the human writers chose their own words and if humans are fallible, then perhaps they misunderstood the ideas that God was trying to communicate and wrote them down wrong. Conveniently, these liberal Christians have been divinely inspired to discern which parts of the Bible are wrong and how to correct them.

Jesus Himself destroyed this liberal claim when he said, “‘Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.’” (Matthew 5:17-18) The Law and the Prophets is how First Century Jews referred to the entirety of Old Testament scripture. So what does Jesus mean by the smallest letter? If you look at Psalm 119:73, you’ll see an example of the smallest Hebrew letter י (Yod). What does Jesus mean by the least stroke of a pen? If you look at the Hebrew letter  ה (He) in Psalm 119:33 and compare it to the Hebrew letter ח (Heth) in Psalm 119:57, you’ll see how tiny some of the differences are between the Hebrew letters. Thus, Jesus was saying that God inspired every word, every letter, and every stroke of every letter that was written in the Bible, leaving no room to insert your own ideas into the text.

2 Peter 1:20-21 says, “Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation of things. For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.”

Since the words came directly from God, that’s why we refer to the Bible as the Word of God. And as a result of its divine authorship, the entire Bible has a common theme throughout all 66 books: they all point us to God’s eternal plan of salvation through Jesus Christ.

Bible Objection #2 – The Bible was written many years after the events it describes.

Some critics claim that writing wasn’t widespread for hundreds of years, so the Biblical accounts had to be passed down through oral transmission instead. However, there is strong internal textual evidence that each of the books in the Bible was written very close to the time of the events it describes, and that each of the writers was either an eyewitness or someone with secondhand knowledge.

For example, Old Testament writers used the phrase “to this day” several times to indicate that the Israelites could still verify the facts at the time of the writing. It wouldn’t make much sense for Jews living in exile in Babylon around 580 BC to write a book detailing events from 1,000 years earlier and write verses like this:

  • “But Joshua spared Rahab the prostitute, with her family and all who belonged to her, because she hid the men Joshua had sent as spies to Jericho—and she lives among the Israelites to this day.” (Joshua 6:25)

Also, if the Israelites had used oral transmission for hundreds of years, then passages like Numbers 7, where the exact same thing is repeated many times, wouldn’t exist today. They would have just shortened it to make it easier to recite correctly. Try it yourself. Which one of the following is easier to memorize?

  1. Street A has 72 homes and 118 trees. Street B has 72 homes and 118 trees. Street C has 72 homes and 118 trees. Street D has 72 homes and 118 trees.
  2. Each of Streets A, B, C, and D has 72 homes and 118 trees.

Furthermore, God’s instructions to Moses regarding the construction of the ark and the tabernacle were so precise and the requirements for all the ceremonial offerings and festivals were so detailed that it would be absurd for the Israelites to rely on memory rather than writing them down, especially considering the extreme penalty for not following God’s instructions to the letter (Leviticus 10:1-2).

In addition, if you were assigned the task of recording details about events that happened hundreds of years earlier, you would probably just use approximate rather than precise dates. However, we see several instances where the writer was so certain of his information, that he recorded the exact day when an event occurred. Only an eyewitness or someone who is 100% confident in their primary source would make such a bold claim. For example:

  • “So in the ninth year of Zedekiah’s reign, on the tenth day of the tenth month, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon marched against Jerusalem with his whole army. They encamped outside the city and built siege works all around it.” (2 Kings 25:1 and Jeremiah 52:4)
  • “[King Solomon] began building on the second day of the second month in the fourth year of his reign.” (2 Chronicles 3:2)
  • “The temple was completed on the third day of the month Adar, in the sixth year of the reign of King Darius.” (Ezra 6:15)

If no one was writing things down, then why was a written copy of the Book of the Law discovered when they were repairing the temple in 2 Chronicles 34? And if they were so faithful in verbally reciting the scriptures, then why did King Josiah react as though he had never heard these verses before? Also, it would have been very awkward to pass down these verses orally for one thousand years:

  • ”Then the Lord said to Moses, ‘Write this on a scroll as something to be remembered and make sure that Joshua hears it, because I will completely blot out the name of Amalek from under heaven.’” (Exodus 17:14)
  • “When he takes the throne of his kingdom, he is to write for himself on a scroll a copy of this law, taken from that of the Levitical priests. It is to be with him, and he is to read it all the days of his life so that he may learn to revere the Lord his God and follow carefully all the words of this law and these decrees and not consider himself better than his fellow Israelites and turn from the law to the right or to the left.” (Deuteronomy 17:18-20)

Regarding the New Testament, we have strong reason to believe that all of the gospels were written prior to AD 70 because there is not one mention of the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Jewish temple, an event described by scholar John A.T. Robinson as “the single most datable and climatic event of the period.” Jesus clearly predicted the event in both Luke 19:44 and Matthew 24:2, and yet none of the New Testament writers confirmed the fulfillment of that prophecy. On the contrary, the Gospel of John, which most scholars agree was written after the other 3 gospels, describes in John 5:2 a pool in Jerusalem as though it still exists, even though we know that it was completely destroyed by the Romans.

I’d like to make a couple final points regarding Bible critics’ claim that literacy rates were very low during Biblical times:

  • First, we can’t know what literacy rates were thousands of years ago since no one published surveys from that era.
  • Second, archaeologists in Israel have recently uncovered ancient shopping lists written in ink on pottery dated to around 600 BC, so it seems literacy was so widespread that people would be willing to write down mundane things.
  • Third, the fact that we have so many copies of very early manuscripts is proof that the people placed extreme importance on the message of the Bible and of getting it exactly right. In those days, it wasn’t like you could run to the office supply store and buy a ream of paper for a couple bucks; parchment paper was both expensive and difficult to obtain. According to Dr. E. Randolph Richards in his book “Paul and First-Century Letter Writing”, he estimates that it would have cost Paul about $2,275 in today’s dollars, or about a month’s wages for a typical laborer in those days, to write the Book of Romans. Any additional copies would have cost another $868 each to produce. Judging from these costs, we begin to see the price that people were willing to pay just to get access to God’s written word.

Bible Objection #3 – The prophecies in the Bible are too vague to be confirmed.

Actually, the Bible has several very clear and astonishingly accurate prophecies. Here are a few examples:

  • The prophet Isaiah predicted, roughly 150 years before Cyrus the Great was even born, that Cyrus would release the Jews from captivity and give them back their treasures to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem (Isaiah 44:28 and Isaiah 45:13).
  • The prophet Ezekiel predicted that the fortress of Tyre would be destroyed, roughly 200 years before Alexander the Great conquered it (Ezekiel 26). He correctly predicts that Nebuchadnezzar would come first, but then in verse 12 Ezekiel switches from referring to “he” (Nebuchadnezzar) to “they” (referring back to the many nations in verse 3). This is important because while Nebuchadnezzar succeeded in destroying the mainland settlement of Tyre, he did not destroy the island fortress. Instead, it was Alexander who conquered the fortress by breaking down the walls and demolish the fine houses in the mainland settlement and throwing the stones, timber and rubble into the sea to build a causeway to the island fortress.
  • In Micah 5:2, the prophet Micah predicted that the Messiah would come from Bethlehem (cf Matthew 2:1).
  • In Zechariah 9:9, the prophet Zechariah predicted that the Messiah would arrive in Jerusalem riding on a donkey and a colt of a donkey (cf Matthew 21:1-7).
  • The entire chapter of Isaiah 53, which was written about 700 years before Jesus was born, gives such an accurate description of Him that anyone hearing it will immediately guess that it refers to Jesus.
  • The prophet Daniel predicted in Daniel 11 that:
    • Xerxes would attack Greece (verse 2)
    • Alexander the Great’s empire would be divided four ways (verses 3-4)
    • Ptolemy II’s daughter would marry Antiochus II and then both die by betrayal (verse 6)
    • Ptolemy III would carry off treasure from Seleucus II (verses 7-8)
    • Ptolemy IV would defeat Antiochus III in a huge battle (verse 11)
    • Antiochus III would capture Sidon and Jerusalem (verses 15-16)
    • Antiochus III would make a treaty by giving his daughter Cleopatra I to Ptolemy V in marriage (verse 17)
    • Antiochus III would attack coastal cities and then be defeated by Roman armies (verse 18)
    • Antiochus III would die while attempting to put down rebellions in his own empire (verse 19)
    • Seleucus IV would have to raise taxes and would die shortly after (verse 20)
    • Antiochus IV seized the throne amidst a series of intrigues and assassinations (verse 21)
    • Antiochus IV would invade Egypt and sign a treaty (verses 25-28)
    • Antiochus IV would invade Egypt again, but the threat of Rome’s navy would force his retreat (verses 29-30)
    • Antiochus IV would abolish the daily sacrifice in the Jewish temple in Jerusalem, impose the worship of Greek gods, and force the Jews to eat pigs sacrificed in the temple (verse 31)

Bible Objection #4 – How do we know they included the right books in the Bible?

There wasn’t much debate about which books to include in the Old Testament, because the nation of Israel had already done the job of collecting and preserving the entire Hebrew Bible by the time Jesus was born. The Roman Catholic Church has added some additional books to the Old Testament, which are collectively known as the Deuterocanonical books or the Apocrypha, but it’s important to note that the nation of Israel did not hold these writings to the same level of authority as the Hebrew Bible. Nor do Christians consider the Apocrypha to be divinely inspired writings because they are not referenced by any New Testament writings and because they do not follow the common theme of scripture.

Furthermore, Jesus Himself confirmed the Old Testament canon when he said, “from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who was killed between the altar and the sanctuary. Yes, I tell you, this generation will be held responsible for it all.” (Luke 11:51) The books of the Protestant Old Testament are laid out in a slightly different order than they are in the Hebrew Bible. The Hebrew Bible begins with the Book of Genesis (contains the account of Abel’s murder) and ends with the Book of Chronicles (contains the account of Zechariah’s murder). Thus, Jesus’ statement was the equivalent of saying from A to Z. Note that this statement excludes the possibility of the Apocrypha.

There was a little more debate surrounding the New Testament books, but it was far from the evil conspiracy portrayed by Dan Brown in “The Da Vinci Code.” For example, we can easily identify the letters that Peter wrote (e.g. 2 Peter 1:1), and he was one of the twelve apostles who followed Jesus’ entire ministry. We can easily identify the letters that Paul wrote (e.g. 1 Timothy 1), and Peter considered Paul’s writings to be divinely inspired (2 Peter 3:15-16). We can easily identify Luke’s writings, and Paul considered them to be on par with Old Testament books (1 Timothy 5:18).

We know that the some of the New Testament writings were being copied and distributed among the early churches (Colossians 4:16 and 1 Thessalonians 5:27), and by AD 150 we know that at least 24 of the 27 books we use today were accepted as scripture, according to the earliest known list. Early church leaders such as Irenaeus were quoting from almost all New Testament books by AD 180, and only a few churches hesitated to accept the remaining books into the New Testament. By AD 240, all 27 books that we use today were listed as the complete New Testament, and in AD 397 an official council of church leaders formally ratified the list of 27 New Testament books that we use today.

Despite the strong evidence in favor of a very early and nearly unanimous agreement on New Testament canon, people like Dan Brown perpetuate the myth that there were many other gospels written in the time of the apostles which were unfairly suppressed. These additional gospels would have provided evidence that Jesus was not God and that Jesus was secretly married. According to this conspiracy theory, Emperor Constantine decided to convene the Council of Nicea in AD 325 in order to officially exclude these other gospels from the Bible. That way, Constantine and his wealthy supporters could maintain control by elevating Jesus to deity, by establishing a select group of sacred men who could interpret the sacred texts, and by minimizing the role of women in the church. They claim that it was Constantine’s strong influence that was the deciding factor in a very close vote, and that Constantine solidified his control afterward by executing anyone who didn’t follow his new state-sponsored brand of Christianity.

But instead of taking my word for it, why don’t we contrast a quote from one of these so-called suppressed gospels with a quote from the Bible. First, a quote from The Gospel of Thomas, saying 22:

“Jesus saw infants being suckled. He said to his disciples, ‘These infants being suckled are like those who enter the kingdom.’ They said to him, ‘Shall we then, as children, enter the kingdom?’ Jesus said to them, ‘When you make the two one, and when you make the inside like the outside and the outside like the inside, and the above like the below, and when you make the male and the female one and the same, so that the male not be male nor the female female; and when you fashion eyes in the place of an eye, and a hand in place of a hand, and a foot in place of a foot, and a likeness in place of a likeness; then will you enter the kingdom.’”

And now for contrast, a quote from the Bible, Luke 18:15-17:

“People were also bringing babies to Jesus for him to place his hands on them. When the disciples saw this, they rebuked them. But Jesus called the children to him and said, ‘Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these. Truly I tell you, anyone who will not receive the kingdom of God like a little child will never enter it.'”

Anyone familiar with the Bible will not hesitate to dismiss The Gospel of Thomas as a false gospel, and the other Gnostic texts are no better.

For more information, I recommend watching Brian Edwards’ presentation “Why 66.”

Bible Objection #5 – The Bible contains errors.

First, I would like to make it clear that only the original writings of the 66 books of the Bible would have been 100% perfect and error-free, and unfortunately we do not have any of those original writings. However, we have thousands of complete and partial copies of the Bible, many from almost one thousand years ago and some dating as far back as the first century AD. In addition, we have writings from the early church leaders in the second and third centuries AD where we can reconstruct almost the entire Bible from their extensive quotes. In fact, the amount of manuscript evidence for the Bible far exceeds the evidence that we have for any other ancient text in history.

For example, no one doubts the existence of Julius Caesar, and yet the information that we have about the events of his life is based on only about 54 manuscripts with an average age of around 900 years after the events occurred. Even if we had the original copies of the writings about Julius Caesar, historians agree that it wasn’t until about 100 years after the actual events when the details were finally recorded, ample time for most, if not all, eyewitnesses to die. In contrast, we have partial manuscript evidence for the New Testament gospels starting about 100 years after the actual events and full manuscript evidence starting about 300 years after the events. In addition, we have about 5,800 manuscripts dated prior to the invention of the printing press in 1440. Also, the original copies of the New Testament gospels would have been written most likely within 40 years of the actual events, but certainly not more than 60 years of the events because some of the writers were eyewitnesses. Even in the early extra-Biblical sources that mention Jesus, no one doubts His existence.

Second, I would like to make it clear that the books of the Bible were copied by hand until the invention of the printing press. Since scribes are human, it’s possible that errors crept into the text as additional copies were made. However, we have just established that we have a vast quantity of manuscript evidence, some of which dates back almost 2,000 years. Therefore, we can easily confirm that current copies of the Bible are almost identical to the oldest manuscripts.

Third, I would like to make it clear that the original books of the Old and New Testaments were written in Ancient Hebrew and Koine Greek, respectively. Since there isn’t always an equivalent word or phrase when you translate from one language to another, any copy of the Bible that is not written in Hebrew and Greek will differ somewhat from the original inerrant texts. However, we have just established that we are highly confident in the accuracy of our current Hebrew and Greek copies of the Bible, so we have a reliable way to illuminate unclear passages in a Bible translation by simply cross referencing with the original language.

So to sum up, when we say that the Bible is inerrant, we recognize that today’s Bible translations may have some minor errors in punctuation, grammar, word order, etc. However, we can be confident that there are no errors regarding core doctrine that would cause us to question the overall truth of the message. Any claimed Bible contradictions are generally cleared up with a careful re-reading of the actual verses in context.

Bible Objection #6 – The Bible contains extra verses that were added later.

As you read through a modern Bible translation, you will occasionally find a footnote identifying a verse that does not exist in the earliest manuscripts. For example, in Matthew 16:3 the footnote indicates that the NIV translation includes a few words in this verse which do not exist in some early manuscripts.

In most of these cases, it is only a few words or at most a single verse that conflicts with early manuscripts, but there are a couple of places where a larger portion of the chapter is in question. For example, Mark 16:9-20 exists in the King James Version, which was translated from medieval manuscripts, but does not exist in the oldest and most respected manuscripts. Unfortunately, some false teachers have pointed to these verses to argue that Christians must pick up snakes with their hands and drink deadly poison as a sign of their salvation. However, in Luke 4, when Satan urges Jesus to jump off of the top of the temple, Jesus quotes from Deuteronomy 6:16 and says, “Do not put the Lord your God to the test.” Since we do not hold Mark 16:9-20 to the same level of authority as the rest of the Bible, we can clearly discourage these dangerous practices as unwise and not Biblical.

Another example of additional verses occurs in John 7:53-8:11, which includes the well-known story of the woman caught in adultery. Again, these verses exist in the King James Version but do not exist in the earliest and most reliable manuscripts. It’s still possible that these verses describe an actual event that just wasn’t written down in the original manuscripts. After all, John 20:30 says, “Jesus performed many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book.” However, as with Mark 16:9-20, we should not hold these verses to the same level of authority as the rest of the Bible.

To reiterate, while some minor errors may exist in today’s Bible translations, there’s nothing that undermines the overall accuracy or authority of the Bible.

Bible Objection #7 – The Bible conflicts with science.

The Bible is not a science textbook. However, since God is the author of the Bible, then anything that the Bible says should be true and scientifically accurate. For this reason, atheists like to point out supposed scientific inaccuracies in the Bible as proof that Christianity is just another man-made religion. Here are the best examples that atheists can come up with:

  • Leviticus 11:6 and Deuteronomy 14:7 describe the rabbit as an animal that chews the cud. The camel, which is a ruminant animal, is also referred to in the same context, so it seems as though the Bible is classifying rabbits as ruminants. However, these verses are not using the modern definition of chewing the cud, which is restricted to ruminants, but rather a wider definition which would include animals engage in cecotrophy (eating their feces to extract more nutrients).
  • Leviticus 11:13-19 seems to refer to bats as birds. However, the Hebrew term for bird is referring to a winged creature and not necessarily limited to birds. Some Bible translations such as the ESV include a note to explain this apparent contradiction.
  • Leviticus 11:20 seems to indicate that insects have four legs. However, the phrase all fours here is an expression similar to what we use in English. For example, if I were down on my hands and knees, you could say that I was crawling on all fours without implying that I have four legs. If you consider the next verse, you see that the Bible is actually drawing a distinction between crawling legs and jointed jumping legs such as the hind legs of a grasshopper.
  • In Matthew 13:32 and Mark 4:31-32, Jesus seems to say that the mustard seed is the smallest of all seeds on earth and that the mustard plant is the largest of all shrubs. However, Jesus is in the middle of telling several parables which all relate to sowing seeds for garden plants. Therefore, the context limits the scope of comparison here to other garden plants, and in that limited scope and context Jesus’ statement is accurate. Even the Greek word lachanon that is sometimes translated as shrub actually means an herb or garden plant.
  • The Biblical writers seemed to think that the moon gave off its own light similar to how stars produce their own light (Genesis 1:15-16, Isaiah 13:10, and Ezekiel 32:7). However, the text doesn’t actually say that the moon produces its own light. It simply says that the moon illuminates the earth, which is true.
  • While most modern translations use the term wild ox, the KJV translation uses the word unicorn in several places (e.g. Numbers 23:22 and Job 39:9), leading atheists to joke that the Bible is full of pixies, leprechauns, and other mythical creatures. However, the word unicorn didn’t originally refer to a magical horse, but simply to a single-horned animal, of which we have many examples.
  • In 1 Kings 7:23 and 2 Chronicles 4:2, the circular object described has a circumference (30 cubits) and diameter (10 cubits) which when divided (30 ÷ 10 = 3) give the wrong value of Pi. However, the measurements here may not necessarily be precise but rather rounded to the nearest integer.
  • The writer of 1 Samuel 2:8 seems to believe that the earth sits on pillars, similar to how other ancient cultures believed that the earth rested on the back of a giant turtle. However, this verse is part of a prayer that uses poetic language and metaphors, and should not be taken literally. Otherwise we would have to assume that this same writer believes that he has a horn (verse 1) and that God is a rock (verse 2), neither of which makes any sense. Besides, Job 26:7 indicates a knowledge that the earth is suspended in space, a fact that science wouldn’t confirm for hundreds of years.
  • Atheists like to argue that verses such as Joshua 10:13 and Ecclesiastes 1:5 demonstrate that the Biblical writers believed that the sun revolved around the earth (geocentrism). However, referring to the rising and setting of the sun is a common expression that people everywhere use even today, and it is accurate to say that the sun appears to rise and set from our perspective on the earth.

Now that we have explained away all the atheists’ best attempts to find scientific errors in the Bible, let’s look at some examples where the Bible was actually way ahead of the scientific knowledge at the time it was written:

  • Genesis 1:9-10 indicates that at the beginning of the world, all the land was gathered together in one place, yet this was written thousands of years before scientists developed the theory of Pangea. Atheists may argue that this passage doesn’t explicitly describe a single continent or landmass. However, Genesis 7:19-20 describes water covering all the mountains up to a depth of about 23 feet during Noah’s flood, and today we find marine fossils thousands of feet above sea level in the Himalaya Mountains. I’d say that both passages together make a compelling argument that the Bible is describing plate tectonics and continental drift long before a scientific model was ever developed.
  • Leviticus 14 describes that a defiling mold that spreads within a house makes it unclean and unfit for habitation. This is remarkable since it wasn’t until the invention of the microscope and discovery of microorganisms that scientists confirmed how mold spores and mycotoxins affect the health. To be fair, it doesn’t require divine inspiration to notice that the start of your symptoms coincided with the sudden appearance of mold in your house. Nor does it require a microscope or knowledge of germ theory to determine that something in the mold must be affecting your health, even if you aren’t sure how. Yet it’s interesting to note that the Bible doesn’t say that all molds are bad (which is scientifically accurate), and it gives a description of the specific molds that are considered defiling.
  • Leviticus 17:11 explains that “the life of a creature is in the blood,” which is quite advanced considering that many ancient civilizations at that time believed that bloodletting was necessary to get poisons out of the body. Bloodletting was still a common practice even in Western medicine many centuries later, and may have even contributed to the death of President George Washington.
  • Job 40:15-24 refers to a creature called Behemoth whose description seems to fit a sauropod dinosaur such as Argentinosaurus, yet dinosaur fossils weren’t discovered until thousands of years later. Some Bible translations and study Bibles add a note that this creature is most likely an elephant or a hippopotamus. However, verse 17 says that “its tail sways like a cedar” which rules out any known animal except a sauropod dinosaur.
  • Isaiah 40:12 indicates knowledge that the earth is perfectly balanced. Scientists today study this gravitational phenomenon, known as isostasy. Without such perfect equilibrium in the thickness of the earth’s crust and in the density and distribution of elements around the crust, the resulting imbalance would be catastrophic to all life.
  • Contrary to the popular misconception, the Bible doesn’t teach that the earth is flat as many early civilizations believed, but rather Isaiah 40:22 indicates a knowledge that the earth is spherical.
  • Many ancient civilizations believed that the sky was sort of like a globe around the earth with the stars set like jewels inside it’s surface. However, verses like Job 22:12, Psalm 103:11, and Jeremiah 31:37 indicate a knowledge that the expanse of the sky and the heavens is vast beyond measure.
  • Many ancient cultures believed that they could count all the stars. However, Jeremiah 33:22 compares the countless numbers of stars in the sky to the measureless grains of sand on the seashore. Thanks to the advances in modern telescopes we now estimate that there may be as many as 70 billion trillion (7 x 1022) stars in the known universe.
  • They hydrological cycle of water on the earth (evaporation, condensation, precipitation, etc.) was something of a mystery for much of history. In fact, up until the 17th century many scientists still believed in subterranean reservoirs that pushed water up. However, the Bible describes the hydrologic cycle in amazing detail (Job 26:8, Job 36:27-28, Ecclesiastes 1:7, Ecclesiastes 11:3, Isaiah 55:10-11, and Amos 5:8).

Since the Bible contains no scientific errors and since the writers had knowledge of things thousands of years before modern science had discovered them, we can only assume that the Bible is truly divinely authored.

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